Archive – Research clusters

FOR Grammar and processing of verbal arguments

Project title:Grammar and processing of verbal arguments
Spokesperson:Gereon Müller
Funding organization:DFG (FOR 742)
Funding period:2006 - 2012/13

The Research Unit assembles scholars working in grammatical theory, linguistic typology, and psycholinguistics, in order to investigate the core of grammar - viz., the relation between a verb and its argument(s). Research is carried out on argument structures in the lexicon (which regulate the quality and quantity of thematic roles of a predicate); on argument realisation in syntax (i.e., the mapping from thematic roles to grammatical functions like subject and object); on argument encoding in morphology (i.e., the indication of grammatical functions by case or agreement); and on argument interpretation in semantics. In all these domains, there is a significant influence of prominence scales (related to animacy, definiteness, person, case, etc.), which is addressed in detail.
Investigations in all individual projects belong primarily to the realm of pure (rather than applied) research. The investigations are carried out on the basis of a multitude of languages, both from a typological perspective and from the perspective of grammatical theory: Throughout, the focus is as much on indepth studies of the grammar of verbal arguments of individual languages (among them Russian, Belorussian, Belhare, Dumi, Czech, Slovene, Tlapanec, Southern Tiwa, Menomini, Sierra Popolua, Mandarin Chinese, Hindi, Archi, Chechen, Diary, Kambera, and German, among others) as it is on large-scale comparison of languages with respect to certain phenomena. The results are systematically checked and backed up by psycholinguistic studies (EEG-based ERP (event-related potentials) studies and other experimental techniques). The threefold perspective (grammatical theory, typology, psycholinguistics) on a narrowly limited, central domain of language resulting this way is essentially new, and unique.
As shown by the results obtained in the first year of funding of the Research Unit, this approach brings with it clear synergy effects; open questions arising under one perspective can often be answered by taking into account evidence from another perspective. The success of such an enterprise can only be ensured by an approach that is genuinely interdisciplinary. The basis for this is provided by the special circumstances for linguistics in Leipzig: The Research Unit is jointly supported by Leipzig University, by the Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, and by the Max Planck Institute for Cognitive and Neuro Sciences.

SubprojectsPrincipal investigator
Typologische Varianz bei der Verarbeitung grammatischer RelationenBalthasar Bickel &
Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky
Valenzklassen in den Sprachen der Welt: Eine Untersuchung der Argumentstrukturen von Verbklassen in lexikalisch-typologischer und areal-historischer Perspektive Bernard Comrie
Marked absolutive and marked nominative case systems in synchronic and diachronic perspective Michael Cysouw
Mikrotypologische Variation in Argumentrealisierung und MorphosyntaxUwe Junghanns
Argumentkodierung in Morphologie und Syntax Gereon Müller
Präfixe und verbale ArgumenteGerhild Zybatow
Die interne Struktur von Personen-PortmanteausMichael Cysouw & Jochen Trommer
Experimentelle Untersuchungen zur Feinstruktur argumentkodierender FlexionsmarkerAngela Friederici & Gereon Müller

FOR Sprachtheoretische Grundlagen der Kognitionswissenschaft

Project title:Sprachtheoretische Grundlagen der Kognitionswissenschaft
Spokesperson:Anita Steube
Funding organization:DFG (FOR 349)
Funding period:1999 - 2006
Abschlussbericht
SubprojectsPrincipal investigator
Ereignisstrukturen: Grammatische und konzeptuelle Komponenten der ÄußerungsinterpretationJohannes Dölling
KONTRAST und KORREKTUR im Interaktionsbereich von Lexikon, Syntax, Informationsstruktur und Prosodie mit Schwerpunkt auf den SlavinenGerhild Zybatow
Mehrdimensionale Repräsentation von Sprach- und Weltwissen: Untersuchungen zu Präsuppositionen und NegationenIngolf Max
Lexikon-Syntax-Schnittstelle: Grammatische Kategorisierung in Auswirkung auf eine (a)symmetrische Syntax Susan Olsen
Morpho-syntaktische Form und Logische Form: Über das Zusammenspiel von formalen und inhaltlichen Merkmalen bei der Derivation interpretierbarer syntaktischer StrukturenJosef Bayer
Intonation und Bedeutung in InformationsstrukturierungAnita Steube
Informationsstruktur russischer nicht-deklarativer Sätze und ihr Zusammenhang mit Wortstellung und ProsodieGerhild Zybatow
Die Konzeptionierung des nominalen Lexikons in indogermanischen Sprachen (Latein, Irisch, Armenisch, Albanisch) hinsichtlich Wortart, Flexion, WortbildungRosemarie Lühr
Prädiktive Satzverarbeitung im Deutschen: Zur Nutzung prosodischer und informationsstruktureller Informationen Thomas Pechmann

Research Training Group Universality and diversity

Project title:Universality and diversity: linguistic structures and processes
Spokesperson:Gerhild Zybatow
Funding organization:DFG (GRK 399)
Funding period:1997 - 2006

This research training group has been set up to promote education and research in the theoretical and experimental foundations of the field of linguistics. It encompasses the areas of theoretical and psycho-linguistics, experimental psychology, computer science as well as the neuropsychology of language and incorporates them into a coherent interdisciplinary field of study. The special concentration of the program centers around the individual languages (above all: Romance, Germanic and Slavic but also different non-European languages such as certain Indian dialects) and attempts to elucidate their linguistic properties by working within a relatively uniform framework of linguistic description characterized by the most recent advances in grammatical theory and in cognitive science.

last modified: 09.08.2019